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REDD Alert


Title REDD Alert
Date released (year) 2009
Production company TV/e Inspiring Change
Length 22 mins
Location Congo
Keywords/tags Climate change, neoliberalism,   deforestation
Link to film
Synopsis Could carbon become the developing world’s new cash crop? Tropical   forests store a quarter of the earth’s carbon and suck in 15 percent of all   the CO2 we emit each year. A new international concept called REDD aims to   make tropical forests more valuable as living, breathing ecosystems than if   they are cleared for farmland. Prototype REDD projects are now getting   underway, to test out how best to make this complex scheme work. Earth Report   travels to the vast rainforests of Africas Congo Basin, to find out if   forests can realistically pay their way as global carbon stores and who   exactly will benefit.


Reviews/discussion What is REDD?

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)[1] is a set of steps   designed to use market and financial incentives in order to reduce the   emissions of greenhouse gases from deforestation and forest degradation. Its   objective is to reduce greenhouse gases.

“Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest   degradation” implies a distinction between the two activities. The   process of identifying the two is what raises questions about how to measure   each within the REDD mechanism, therefore their distinction is vital.   Deforestation is the permanent removal of forests and withdrawal of land from   forest use. Forest degradation refers to negative changes in the forest area   that limit its production capacity.

Development of a REDD mechanism has progressed significantly since 1995   with the set up of a UN programme and various capacity building and research   activities. Projects are also being trialled through national government   programmes and the private sector. REDD+ is increasingly likely to be   included in a post-2012 international climate agreement, yet many challenges   are still to be solved. How will the REDD+ mechanism link to existing national   development strategies? How can forest communities and indigenous peoples   participate in the design, monitoring and evaluation of national REDD+   programmes? How will REDD+ be funded, and how will countries ensure that   benefits are distributed equitably among all those who manage the forests?   Finally, how will the amount of carbon stored and sequestrated as a result of   REDD+ be monitored?

REDD is sometimes presented as an “offset” scheme of the carbon   markets and thus, would produce carbon credits. Carbon offsets are   “emissions-saving projects or programmes” that in theory would “compensate”   for the polluters’ emissions. The “carbon credits” generated by these   projects could then be used by industrialised governments and corporations to   meet their targets and/or to be traded within the carbon markets. [1] However this perspective on REDD+ is contested and hotly debated among   economists, scientists and negotiators.[2] Recent studies   indicate such an offset approach based on projects would significantly   increase the transaction costs associated to REDD+ [3] and would actually be   the weakest alternative for a national REDD+ architecture as regards   effectiveness, efficiency, its capacity to deliver co benefits (like   development, biodiversity or human rights) and its overal political   legitimacy.[4]

In recent years, estimates for deforestation and forest degradation were   shown to account for 20-25% of greenhouse gas emissions, higher than the   transportation sector.[5] Recent work shows   that the combined contribution of deforestation, forest degradation and   peatland emissions accounts for about 15% of greenhouse gas emissions, about   the same as the transportation sector.[6] Even with these new   numbers it is increasingly accepted that mitigation of global   warming will not be achieved without the inclusion of forests in an international   regime. As a result, it is expected to play a crucial role in a future   successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol.[7]

Source: wikipedia

Links to other resources See UN REDD site:

Espinoza Llanos, Roberto and Feather, Conrad (Nov, 2011). “The reality of REDD+ in Peru:   Between theory and practice – Indigenous Amazonian Peoples’ analyses and   alternatives”. AIDESEP and Forest Peoples Programme.   Retrieved 2009-11-23. Carbon   offsetting scheme open to corruption, report warns

CDM Carbon Sink Tree Plantations:   Insights into Sustainability Issues

Vickers, Ben (Apr 2008). “REDD: a Steep learning Curve”. Asia-Pacific   Forestry Week.   Retrieved 2009-11-23.

Forest Dialogue (2009). “Investing in REDD-Plus”.   Retrieved 2009-11-20.

“Copenhagen Accord of 18 December   2009”. UNFCC. 2009.   Retrieved 2009-12-28.

“REDD: Agriculture and   deforestation: What role should REDD+ and public support policies play?”. Institute for   Sustainable Development and International Relations. december 2010.


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